What are uterine adhesions?
Uterine adhesions, sometimes called Asherman syndrome, are scar tissue that can damage the uterine lining (endometrium). The damage may range from mild to severe. Causes of uterine adhesions can include:
• D&C (dilation and curettage), which may be done after a miscarriage (this is a surgical procedure, in which the cervix is dilated and the uterus is emptied with suction or with an instrument called a curette)
• Other uterine surgery
• Severe infection of the uterine lining (endometritis)
Some women have no symptoms, while others may have light or infrequent menstrual periods. Adhesions can contribute to infertility, repeat miscarriage and premature birth. Imaging tests and hysteroscopy can diagnose adhesions. Adhesions can be removed during hysteroscopy, improving the chances of a normal pregnancy.